Crystallographic examination of the interaction between texture evolution, mechanically induced martensitic transformation and twinning in nanostructured bainite

Morales-Rivas, L. and Archie, F. and Zaefferer, S. and Benito-Alfonso, M. and Tsai, S.-P. and Yang, J.-R. and Raabe, D. and Garcia-Mateo, C. and Caballero, F.G.

Volume: 752 Pages: 505-519
DOI: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2018.04.189
Published: 2018

The deformation mechanisms operating in nanostructured bainite, leading to its excellent combination of strength and ductility, are far from being understood. Its nanocrystalline nature and its multiphase-evolving structure underlie the plastic flow and the strain-hardening behaviour. In this work, the microstructural and crystallographic bulk changes of a high-C nanostructured bainite under tensile testing have been evaluated. The influence of the mechanically-induced transformation of the C-enriched retained austenite into α martensite and other deformation mechanisms on the texture evolution has been analysed by electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD). Additionally, the undeformed and the deformed conditions have been examined by electron channelling contrast imaging (ECCI) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Results reveal the presence of plate martensite and suggest a strong variant selection during the transformation, mainly responsible for the texture observed. Mechanical twinning in austenite seems to be basically the mechanism of accommodation of the displacive bainitic transformation, while some direct interaction with the applied stress also appears. © 2018

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