Correlative Microscopy—Novel Methods and Their Applications to Explore 3D Chemistry and Structure of Nanoscale Lattice Defects: A Case Study in Superalloys

Makineni, S.K. and Lenz, M. and Kontis, P. and Li, Z. and Kumar, A. and Felfer, P.J. and Neumeier, S. and Herbig, M. and Spiecker, E. and Raabe, D. and Gault, B.

Volume: Pages: 1-8
DOI: 10.1007/s11837-018-2802-7
Published: 2018

Nanoscale solute segregation to or near lattice defects is a coupled diffusion and trapping phenomenon that occurs in superalloys at high temperatures during service. Understanding the mechanisms underpinning this crucial process will open pathways to tuning the alloy composition for improving the high-temperature performance and lifetime. Here, we introduce an approach combining atom probe tomography with high-end scanning electron microscopy techniques, in transmission and backscattering modes, to enable direct investigation of solute segregation to defects generated during high-temperature deformation such as dislocations in a heat-treated Ni-based superalloy and planar faults in a CoNi-based superalloy. Three protocols were elaborated to capture the complete structural and compositional nature of the targeted defect in the alloy. © 2018 The Author(s)

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