Publications

Control of thermally stable core-shell nano-precipitates in additively manufactured Al-Sc-Zr alloys

Kürnsteiner, P. and Bajaj, P. and Gupta, A. and Wilms, M.B. and Weisheit, A. and Li, X. and Leinenbach, C. and Gault, B. and Jägle, E.A. and Raabe, D.

ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING
Volume: 32 Pages:
DOI: 10.1016/j.addma.2019.100910
Published: 2020

Abstract
Laser Additive Manufacturing (LAM) of light metals such as high-strength Al-based alloys offers tremendous potential for e.g. weight reduction and associated reduced fuel consumptions for the transportation industry. Typically, commercial Sc-containing alloys, such as Scalmalloy®, rely on precipitation hardening to increase their strength. Conventional processing involves controlled ageing during which ordered and coherent Al3Sc precipitates form from a Sc-supersaturated solid solution. Here we show how the intrinsic heat treatment (IHT) of directed energy deposition (DED) can be used to trigger the precipitation of Al3Sc already during the LAM process. High number densities of 1023 nano-precipitates per m3 can be realized through solid-state phase transformation from the supersaturated Al-Sc matrix that results from the fast cooling rate in LAM. Yet, the IHT causes precipitates to coarsen, hence reducing their strengthening effect. We implement alternative solidification conditions to exploit the IHT to form a Zr-rich shell around the Al3Sc precipitates that prevents coarsening. Our approach is applicable to a wide range of precipitation-hardened alloys to trigger in-situ precipitation during LAM. © 2019 Elsevier B.V.

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