Cl2 Production by Photocatalytic Oxidation of HCl over TiO2

Rath, T. and Uhrich, A. and Lüken, A. and Zhao, G. and Rittermeier, A. and Muhler, M.

Volume: 12 Pages: 2725-2731
DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201900642
Published: 2019

We studied the photocatalytic aerobic oxidation of HCl over TiO2 for producing Cl2. Steady-state Cl2 production rates were determined with a photocatalytic fixed-bed gas-phase reactor equipped with UV light-emitting diodes (LEDs) using iodometric titration as online analytics. We found stable Cl2 production rates of up to 16 mmol h−1 m−2 for commercial anatase TiO2 Hombikat UV100. The rate increased linearly with temperature from 21 to 140 °C, indicating the acceleration of the limiting desorption rate of the coupled product water. Comparing different TiO2 polymorphs revealed that anatase possesses higher activity than rutile. The adsorption of HCl was monitored in situ by IR spectroscopy. The IR spectra indicated that HCl chemisorption chlorinates the surface of TiO2 under the reaction conditions, suggesting it to be the first step of the reaction mechanism. High stability opens up the opportunity of developing a promising photocatalytic process of HCl recycling at lower temperatures suitable for reaching full conversion. © 2019 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

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