Publications

Catalytic effect of iron phases on the oxidation of cellulose-derived synthetic char

Lotz, K. and Berger, C.M. and Muhler, M.

ENERGY PROCEDIA
Volume: 158 Pages: 694-699
DOI: 10.1016/j.egypro.2019.01.188
Published: 2019

Abstract
The catalytic influence of iron oxide on the oxidation of synthetic chars as a function of the phase composition was investigated by temperature-programmed measurements in a thermobalance and isothermal oxidation experiments in a fixed-bed reactor. The synthetic solid fuels originated from hydrothermal carbonization of cellulose and subsequent pyrolysis of the obtained hydrochars. Incorporation of iron oxide was either achieved by in situ doping during the hydrothermal carbonization or by tight contact mixing of the chars with iron oxide particles. Temperature-programmed oxidation of the synthetic char doped by tight contact resulted only in a slight decrease of the oxidation temperature. Pyrolysis of the in situ doped chars at 800 °C led to the carbothermal reduction of iron oxide to catalytically inactive iron carbide, and it was not possible to re-oxidize iron carbide by means of an additional pretreatment in 20 % O2 at 350 °C. When pyrolysis of the in situ doped hydrochar was performed at 500 °C, iron oxide was not reduced, and the oxidation of the corresponding char occurred much faster due to the catalytic effect of the iron oxide particles, which had a high degree of contact with the embedding carbon matrix. © 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/) Peer-review under responsibility of the scientific committee of ICAE2018 - The 10th International Conference on Applied Energy.

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