Bulk Superconductivity and Role of Fluctuations in the Iron-Based Superconductor FeSe at High Pressures

Gati, E. and Böhmer, A.E. and Bud'ko, S.L. and Canfield, P.C.

Volume: 123 Pages:
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.167002
Published: 2019

The iron-based superconductor FeSe offers a unique possibility to study the interplay of superconductivity with purely nematic as well magnetic-nematic order by pressure (p) tuning. By measuring specific heat under p up to 2.36 GPa, we study the multiple phases in FeSe using a thermodynamic probe. We conclude that superconductivity is bulk across the entire p range and competes with magnetism. In addition, whenever magnetism is present, fluctuations exist over a wide temperature range above both the bulk superconducting and the magnetic transitions. Whereas the magnetic fluctuations are likely temporal, the superconducting fluctuations may be either temporal or spatial. These observations highlight similarities between FeSe and underdoped cuprate superconductors. © 2019 American Physical Society.

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