Publications

Atomic layer deposition of dielectric Y2O3thin films from a homoleptic yttrium formamidinate precursor and water

Boysen, N. and Zanders, D. and Berning, T. and Beer, S.M.J. and Rogalla, D. and Bock, C. and Devi, A.

RSC ADVANCES
Volume: 11 Pages: 2565-2574
DOI: 10.1039/d0ra09876k
Published: 2021

Abstract
We report the application of tris(N,N′-diisopropyl-formamidinato)yttrium(iii) [Y(DPfAMD)3] as a promising precursor in a water-assisted thermal atomic layer deposition (ALD) process for the fabrication of high quality Y2O3 thin films in a wide temperature range of 150 °C to 325 °C. This precursor exhibits distinct advantages such as improved chemical and thermal stability over the existing Y2O3 ALD precursors including the homoleptic and closely related yttrium tris-amidinate [Y(DPAMD)3] and tris-guanidinate [Y(DPDMG)3], leading to excellent thin film characteristics. Smooth, homogeneous, and polycrystalline (fcc) Y2O3 thin films were deposited at 300 °C with a growth rate of 1.36 Å per cycle. At this temperature, contamination levels of C and N were under the detectable limits of nuclear reaction analysis (NRA), while X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) measurements confirmed the high purity and stoichiometry of the thin films. From the electrical characterization of metal-insulator-semiconductor (MIS) devices, a permittivity of 13.9 at 1 MHz could be obtained, while the electric breakdown field is in the range of 4.2 and 6.1 MV cm-1. Furthermore, an interface trap density of 1.25 × 1011 cm-2 and low leakage current density around 10-7 A cm-2 at 2 MV cm-1 are determined, which satisfies the requirements of gate oxides for complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) based applications. © 2021 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

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