A combinatorial approach to enhance barrier properties of thin films on polymers: Seeding and capping of PECVD thin films by PEALD

Gebhard, M. and Mitschker, F. and Hoppe, C. and Aghaee, M. and Rogalla, D. and Creatore, M. and Grundmeier, G. and Awakowicz, P. and Devi, A.

Volume: 15 Pages:
DOI: 10.1002/ppap.201700209
Published: 2018

A combinatorial approach to deposit gas barrier layers (GBLs) on polyethylene terephthalate (PET) by means of plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) and plasma-enhanced atomic layer deposition (PEALD) is presented. Thin films of SiOx and SiOxCyHz obtained from PECVD were grown either subsequently on a PEALD seeding layer (SiO2) or were capped by ultrathin PEALD films of Al2O3 or SiO2. To study the impact of PEALD layers on the overall GBL performance, PECVD coatings with high macro defect densities and low barrier efficiency with regard to the oxygen transmission rate (OTR) were chosen. PEALD seeding layers demonstrated the ability to influence the subsequent PECVD growth in terms of the lower macro defect density (9 macro-defects mm−2) and improved barrier performance (OTR = 0.8 cm3 m−2 day−1), while the PEALD capping-route produced GBLs free of macro-defects. © 2018 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

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